Official Development Assistance

The Millennium Development Goal Target 8.B calls for more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction. While the context of this specific commitment is enhancing support for the least developed countries (LDCs), subsequent commitments on aid quantity have been geographically broader in coverage. At numerous international Summits and conferences, donors have repeatedly pledged to make concrete efforts towards the target of 0.7 per cent of donor gross national income (GNI) as aid.The international community has also formalized actions that should be taken to improve the quality and effectiveness of aid. 

Search commitments to Official Development Assistance

Learn more about ODA

The MDG Gap Task Force identifies implementation gaps in the commitments made under MDG 8 and provides recommendations to all major stakeholders on how to address these gaps. According to the forthcoming MDG Gap Task Force Report 2013, the main gaps in meeting ODA commitments are:

Commitment 

$300.6  billion            (in 2012 constant $)

to meet the longstanding target of 0.7% of gross national income (GNI) dedicated to ODA, as agreed by countries at the UN in 1970.

Delivery (2012)

$125.9 billion

in total ODA from OECD DAC countries, equivalent to 0.29% of developed-country combined national income.

Gap (2012)

$174.7 billion

or 0.41% of developed country GNI.

Recommendation

Donor Governments urgently need to reverse the two-year decline in ODA and reach the United Nations target

 

The MDG Gap Task Force identifies implementation gaps in the commitments made under MDG 8 and provides recommendations to all major stakeholders on how to address these gaps. According to the forthcoming MDG Gap Task Force Report 2013, the main gaps in meeting ODA commitments are:

Commitment 

$64.7 - $86.2 billion (in 2011 constant $)

in annual ODA to LDCs by 2015, based on the endorsement in the Istanbul Programme of Action for the LDCs for the Decade 2011-2020 of providing ODA between 0.15% and 0.20% of donor countries’ gross national income (GNI) by 2015.

Delivery (2011)

$44.7 billion

in total ODA to LDCs by DAC countries, equivalent to 0.1% of DAC donors GNI.

Gap (2011)

$20.0 - $41.5 billion 

or between 0.05% and 0.10% of DAC donors GNI.

Recommendation

Aid flows to LDCs should be increased and given priority to reach United Nations targets.

 

The MDG Gap Task Force identifies implementation gaps in the commitments made under MDG 8 and provides recommendations to all major stakeholders on how to address these gaps. According to the forthcoming MDG Gap Task Force Report 2012, the main gaps in meeting ODA commitments are:

Commitment 

$148.4 billion, of which $64.8 billion to Africa (in 2010 constant $)                 

in annual ODA, to meet the 2005 Gleneagles commitment of about $50 billion (in 2004 dollars) increase by DAC donors, of which a $25 billion (in 2004 dollars) should go to Africa.

Delivery (2010)

$127.3 billion, of which $46.6 billion to Africa

in ODA by DAC donors (excluding Republic of Korea). 

Gap (2010)

$21.1 billion, of which $18.2 billion to Africa  

in additional ODA was required for the Gleneagles pledge for annual ODA to have been met in 2010 (equivalent to $18 and $15.2 billion in 2004 dollars).

Recommendation

Eliminate the delivery gap towards Gleneagles targets, including to Africa, along with delivery on all aid commitments.