World Food Summit: five years later commitment

Countries: 
Date of commitment: 
June 2002
Millennium Development Goal: 

Commitment

Heads of States and Governments have reaffirmed the commitments made at the World Food Summit in Rome in 1996 where they pledged their political will and their common and national commitment to achieving food security for all and to an ongoing effort to eradicate hunger in all countries through the Rome Declaration on World Food Security and World Food Security Plan of Action.

Target

The original commitment from the World Food Summit of 1996 to ‘reduce the number of undernourished people to half their level no later than 2015’ was reaffirmed.

All commitments assumed with the Rome Declaration and Plan of Action in 1996 were reaffirmed (see full list here), and especially the commitments the outcome of the Doha Conference regarding the reform of the international agricultural trading system given that international agricultural trade has a role to play, consistent with Commitment 4 of the WFS Plan of Action, in promoting economic development, alleviating poverty and achieving the objectives of the World Food Summit, in particular in developing countries; and commitments from the Monterrey Consensus which referenced the need to develop effective partnerships between developed and developing countries and recognized the value of exploring innovative sources of finance provided that those sources do not unduly burden developing countries, as important steps towards achieving sustainable food security.

Progress

The most recent estimates for the 2006-2008 period set the number of people in the developing regions who are undernourished at 850 million, which corresponds to 15.5 per cent of the world population. This compares to 791 million and 16.8 per cent of world population in 1195-1997. For more information, see FAO resources on monitoring progress since the World Food Summit.

Gap

The prevalence of hunger remains uncomfortably high in sub-Saharan Africa and in Southern Asia outside of India. And, despite recorded reductions in income poverty, there are no signs of improvement in undernourishment rates in Eastern Asia since 2000.

Additionality

Not a new commitment, present reaffirmation of commitments from the 1996 World Food Summit. The WFS target of reducing the number of the undernourished by half by 2015 was reaffirmed by the Millennium Declaration and as Target 1.C of the MDGs.

Data source: